Category: Open Access

Open Access

ओपन नलेज नेपालद्वारा खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिकाको पहिलो संस्करण प्रकाशित

ओपन नलेज नेपालद्वारा आयोजित “खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिका” को प्रथम नेपाली संस्करण बिमोचन कार्यक्रम  २०७४ साल साउन २३ गतेका दिन मुड्स लंज त्रीपुरेश्वोरमा भब्य कार्यक्रमका बीच सम्पन्न गरियो।  उक्त कार्यक्रममा ओपेन डाटाको क्षेत्रमा  लाग्नुभएका विभिन्न व्यक्ति तथा संस्थाहरुको उल्लेखनीय सहभागिता थियो। कार्यक्रमा राष्ट्रिय सूचना आयोगका प्रमुख सूचना आयुक्त्त श्री कृष्णहरि बास्कोटा, काठमाडौँ लिभिंग ल्याब्सका कार्यकारी निर्देशक डा. नम राज बुढाथोकी र ओपेन नलेज नेपालका प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृत निकेश बलामीको हातबाट विमोचन गरेर  सुसम्पन्न गरियो | यस पुस्तक सरकार, नागरिक समाज तथा खुल्ला डाटाको क्षेत्रमा काम गर्ने संघसंस्थाहरुले खुल्ला डाटा परियोजनाहरुको लागि परिचयात्मक पुस्तिकाको रुपमा प्रयोग गर्दछन् ।

खासगरी यस पुस्तकको मूल संस्करण अंग्रेजी भाषामा उपलब्ध छ । उक्त अंग्रेजी संस्करण ओपेन नलेज इन्टरनेसनल द्वारा लिखित तथा व्यवस्थित गरिएको छ । ओपेन नलेज इन्टरनेसनल एक गैर नाफामुखी संगठन हो जो समाजमा खुल्ला डाटाको महत्वमा केन्द्रित रहेर नागरिक समाज समूहहरूलाई डाटाको पहुँच र प्रयोग गरेर सामाजिक समस्या समाधान गर्न मद्दत गर्दछ । यो पुस्तिका चाईनिज, फ्रेन्च, जर्मन, स्पानिश, रसियन र अहिले नेपाली गरि १८ वटा भन्दा बढी भाषामा अनुवाद भइसकेको छ । सबै भाषामा अनुवादित पुस्तकहरु www.opendatahandbook.org वेबसाइटमा उपलब्ध छ ।

यस खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिका नेपाली संस्करणमा खुल्ला लाइसेन्स, सूचनाको हक, अङ्ग्रेजि खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिका र खुल्ला डाटामा आधारित विभिन्न नेपाली परियोजनाहरुको बारेमा समावेश गरिएको छ । यसकारण यो पुस्तिका सरकार, नागरिक समाज र पत्रकारहरुको लागि धेरै नै आवस्यक देखिन्छ ।

ओपेन नलेज नेपालका प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृत निकेश बलामीले उक्त पुस्तिका  नीतिनिर्माणकर्ता, नेतृत्वकर्ता  लगायत सम्पूर्ण नागरिकले आफ्नै मात्री भाषामा  खुल्ला डाटाका बारेमा जान्न र बुझ्न सहयोग गर्ने कुरामा बिस्वस्त रहेको जानकारी गराउनुभयो । साथसाथै स्थानीय समाचार पत्रकारिता गर्ने व्यक्तिहरु जो  रिपोर्टको लागि डाटाको खुल्लापनमा निर्भर रहन्छन्  तथा  नागरिक समाज संगठनले गर्ने खुल्ला डाटा जागरुक कार्यक्रमको लागि पनि  उक्त पुस्तिका प्रयोग गर्न सकिने  कुरा अवगत  गराउनुभयो । अन्त्यमा  पुस्तिका अनुवाद गर्न, समिक्षा गर्न र आफ्नो अमुल्य प्रतिक्रिया दिएर  सहयोग गर्नुहुने सम्पूर्ण योगदानकर्तालाइ धन्यवाद दिनुभयो ।

त्यसैगरी राष्ट्रिय सूचना आयोगका प्रमुख सूचना आयुक्त श्री कृष्णहरि बास्कोटा ज्युले सरकारी कार्यालयहरुमा खुल्ला डाटाको महत्व बुझ्ने अधिकारीहरुको आवस्यकता रहेको जानकारी दिनुभयो । मन्तब्यको क्रममा उहाँले युवाहरुलाई  खुल्ला डाटाको  क्षेत्रमा योगदान गर्न प्रोत्साहन गर्नुभयो साथै  नेपाल सरकारद्वारा आफुसँग  भएको विभिन्न किसिमको  डाटाहरु खुल्ला गर्नका लागि भएको कामको  प्रगति बारे जानकारी गराउनुभयो ।  

काठमाडौँ लिभिंग ल्याब्सका कार्यकारी निर्देशक डा. नम राज बुढाथोकी ज्युले आफ्नो मन्तब्यको क्रममा डाटाको आपूर्ति र माग पक्ष बीच सन्तुलन हुनुपर्ने र यो समय सिर्जनाबाट प्रयोगको  चरणमा फड्को मार्नको लागि उपयुक्त समय भएको कुरामा प्रकाश पर्नुभयो । उहाले OpenStreetMap तथा घरेलू सर्वेक्षणको माध्यमबाट खुल्ला डाटा सिर्जना गरेको आफ्नो अनुभवहरु सहभागीहरु बीच राख्नुभयो । र अन्त्यमा खुल्ला डाटाको प्रयोग अहिलेको आवस्यकता भन्ने कुरा स्वीकार गर्दै आफ्नो मन्तब्य टुंगाउनुभयो ।

यस पुस्तकले बिशेष गरि खुल्ला डाटाको बिभिन विषय : नागरिक सशक्तिकरण, अवसरहरू सिर्जना र सामाजिक समस्या समाधान गर्ने जस्ता विषयमा सकारात्मक प्रभाव रहने कल्पना ओपेन नलेज नेपालले गर्दै आएको छ । उक्त बिषयमा केवल डाटाको पर्याप्त आपूर्तिले मात्र प्रभाव पार्न सकिदैन । जसकारण प्रकाशित भएको डाटाको प्रयोग बाट नवीनता, सहभागिता र पुन: उपयोगिता बनाउन आवश्यक पर्दछ, जसले डाटाको माग पक्षमा पनि बलियो र भरपर्दो भएको सुनिचित गर्दछ ।  

यो पुस्तिकाले सरकारी कर्मचारी र नेपाली जनतालाई आफ्नै मात्री भाषामा खुल्ला डाटाको बारेमा सजीलै बुझ्न मद्धत गर्दछ । यसो गर्नाले डाटाको आपूर्ति र माग पक्ष बीच एक संतुलित वातावरण सिर्जना गर्न मद्दत मिल्नेछ, जसले गर्दा  लामो समयसम्म पारदर्शिता, नागरिको  उत्तरदायित्व र संग्लग्नता लाई बढावा दिन साथै  व्यवस्थित गर्न मद्दत मिल्दछ।

Event Participant

यो खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिका नेपाली सस्करणलाई ओपेन नलेज इन्टरनेसनल, काठमाडौँ लिविंग ल्याब्स, रूस्टर लजिक, पाथवे टेक्नोलोजी एन्ड सर्भिसेस, लोकल इन्टरभेनसन्स समूह र सिटिजेन क्याम्पेन फर राइट टु इन्फोरमेसन नेपालले समर्थन गरेको छ ।

Open Access

Open Access and Open Data gaining momentum in Nepal

For the 5th time in a row, Open Knowledge Nepal team led the effort of organizing International Open Data Day in Nepal. This year it was a collaborative effort of Kathmandu Living Labs and Open Knowledge Nepal. It was also the first official out of Kathmandu Valley event of Open Knowledge Nepal. Organizations like Code for Nepal, Gandaki College of Engineering and Science and Open Access Nepal were the partners for the event. In Nepal, the event aims to served as a platform for bringing together open knowledge enthusiasts from different backgrounds, and support a series of collaborative events for enhancing knowledge and awareness about free and open source software, open data, open content, and various open knowledge technologies. There were 4 different major activities of the event: Presentation Session, Open Street Mapathon, Open Research Data Hackathon and Treasure Hunt.

The check in started around 10:30 AM (NPT), with the participants, slowly joining the venue and with some informal discussion having around and was formally started by Mr. Ashok Raj Parajuli, Vice-Principal of Gandaki College of Engineering and Science at 11:20 AM (NPT) by giving brief introduction of Open Data and why it is important for the country like Nepal. After him, Nikesh Balami from Open Knowledge Nepal gave an event orientation. He shared how Open Data Day was started and history of Open Data Day celebration at Nepal. After having a brief orientation about major activities, the presentation session was started.

Mr. Ashok Raj Parajuli starting the event

Gaurav Thapa from Kathmandu Living Labs was the first presenter of the event. He gave the presentation about Open Map Data and the concept of 2C (Secondary City) Pokhara. He also demonstrated the work done by Kathmandu Living Labs in Pokhara with the help of other organizations and asked participants to join them for contribution and collaboration. He also shares about the app “Prepare Pokhara”, an app which uses the data of OpenStreetMap with different kinds of filtering techniques, by using that app user can easily filter and navigate all kinds of important places and destination of Pokhara in Map.

Gaurav Thapa from Kathmandu Living Labs presenting about Open Map Data

After the presentation of Gaurav Thapa, Kshitiz Khanal representing Open Knowledge Nepal participated in presentation session, where he presented about Open Access, Open Science, and Open Research. He started from the basic introduction of OPEN and highlighted the condition of Open Access in Nepal. He also demonstrated, how Nepal government and others different bodies of Nepal government are creating Open Access barriers for users. He shared about Open Science Taxonomy and talks a little about the Open Science and Research practices in Nepal. He motivated the participants to read research article frequently so that we can make the best use of publicly funded research. His presentation can be accessed from here.

Kshitiz Khanal from Open Knowledge Nepal presenting about OA, OS and OR

There was a small break after the completion of Presentation Session and the rooms for Open Research Data Hackathon and Mapathon was divided after that break. Participants interested in joining Hackathon moved towards the Lab and those who were interested in Research Data Hackathon stayed in the same room.

Open Research Data Hackathon

Open Research Data Hackathon

Open Research Data Hackathon was facilitated by the team of Open Knowledge Nepal. Nikesh Balami from OKN started the hackathon by giving a short presentation about Data and demonstrating different kinds of tools they can use during Hackathon. After an orientation, the group was divided. There were 4 groups, who worked and brainstorm different kinds of ideas for the entire day. A group pitched a project twice, in the first pitch, they share the brainstormed idea and in the second pitch, they share about how they are doing that project, possible partners, challenges, and opportunity. The proposed idea of all 4 team was entirely different from each other, some work in Election Data and some work in using Machine learning to extract research data from users search queries. Some team worked in the use of data disaster prediction and some in Blood data.

It will be interesting to see the progress of their projects in coming days.

Mapathon

Mapathon

Mapathon was facilitated by the team of Kathmandu Living Labs. In Mapathon participants used satellite image to map Bardiya district of Nepal at OpenStreetMap, where participants got an opportunity to play with Open Map Data and OpenStreetMap. The team of KLL also led Treasure Hunt in-between to make Mapathon interesting and interactive, where participants went to the fields in the search of treasures which was hidden at different places by the KLL team. Participants used OpenStreetMap for this and enjoyed the activities so much. In fact, Mapathon was interactive where participant got hands-on training on how to contribute at OSM, did some contribution and also tried using it in their real life.

The whole event was closed at 04:30 PM by thanking participants and supporters. The promise of organizing this kind of International events outside of the main valley of Nepal was made by the representation of Open Knowledge Nepal and Kathmandu Living Labs. This year International Open Data Day 2017 was organized at four different places of Nepal. Two inside Kathmandu, one by YoungInnovation Pvt. Ltd. and one by Accountability Lab. In Pokhara, it was organized by Open Knowledge Nepal and Kathmandu Living Labs. Kathmandu University Open Source Community (KUOSC) also organized ODD first time in Kavre. This clearly shows that the momentum of Open Data is increasing in Nepal, which we (Civil Society Organization) can take it as a plus point.

Group photo and selfie 🙂

 

Event Page: https://oddnepal.github.io

More photos from our Facebook page here.

Open Access

QA with Open Access Activist of Nepal

Open Access Week, a global event now entering its eighth year, is an opportunity for the academic and research community to continue to learn about the potential benefits of Open Access, to share what they’ve learned with colleagues, and to help inspire wider participation in helping to make Open Access a new norm in scholarship and research.

It’s one of our favorite global event, We the team of Open Knowledge Nepal always love celebrating and organizing it because we believe Open Access and Open Research field need more advocacy and awareness in Nepal. We joined this momentum in 2014 with the help of Open Access Nepal and lead that momentum in 2015. This year to mark this global celebration, We did QA with some Open Access Activist of Nepal. The aim of doing this QA was to generate resources regarding Open Access and Open Research so, that newcomer entering this field can find and know about the momentum running in Nepal easily.

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We ask three Open Access Activist regarding their work, organization, and vision. Thanks to all three of them for giving us their valuable time and replying our question.

nepal-countryMr. Jagadish Aryal

Country Coordinator | EIFL and Secretary | NeLIC

1) Brief about Nepal Library and Information Consortium (NeLIC)?

The Nepal Library and Information Consortium (NeLIC) was established by a group of institutions with the idea of facilitating access to electronic resources to Nepali educational institutions. Its core area of activities is Open Access, Free and Open Source Software, Intellectual Property Rights, & Sharing of the available e-resources. More information can be found at www.nelic.org.

2) How is NeLIC using and promoting Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)?

NeLIC is promoting the use of ICT in libraries for better service and modernizing the library according to global trends. For that we recommend FOSS. Presently Koha, PMB, DSpace, GSDL, etc. are the FOSS being used in Nepalese library.

3) Brief about NeLIC Open Access Repository?

Central OA Repository is a web archive run by Nepal Library and Information Consortium (NeLIC) for the collection, preservation, and dissemination of intellectual outputs of an institution or an individual. Outputs may be journaled articles, research reports, and conference papers in a digital form. Researchers and students will have access to these materials through a single-point open access system.

4) How can libraries be used by businesses to provide professional development opportunities?

Libraries can be used by any professionals to enrich their professional knowledge and sharpen them by getting exhaustive and up to date information in the particular field.

5) How many institutes are currently the member of NeLIC and is the number increasing?

Currently, there are 56 members in NeLIC. The number of members is open to all Nepalese institutions which have a library and /or which are involved in learning, teaching and research activities. So it is growing continuously.

9ugrps-rMr. Kshitiz Khanal

Open Science & Research Team Lead | Open Knowledge Nepal

1) Brief about Open Knowledge Nepal?

A working group of Open Knowledge in Nepal. An open network of mostly young people working towards increasing openness in data, education, science, and other and increasing opportunities for many people.

2) Brief about Open Science & Open Research working group and their interconnection?

Science is advanced by research. Research is a methodology with which all science progresses. These two are always interconnected.

3) When does a researcher satisfy the requirement for Open Access?

Most important thing, at first, is a commitment by researcher themselves. But that can only the cause of open access so far. The researcher can study more about types of open access, find open access journals in their domain, talk about open access with their colleagues.

4) How do you see the current open science practice of Nepal?

At least all journals in Nepal are Open access. However, there is no culture of sharing research data among Nepali researchers. Practice is influenced by culture, and culture by practice. We need to sensitize researchers and academics about open access and open science in Nepal. If all government funded research in Nepal mandates publication as open access and sharing of raw data in an open license, it will increase open science practice. Movements take time and we have only just begun. There’s a lot to do.

5) What are the expected challenges?

  • Researchers want to publish data in the most reputed journal that they can publish, and most such journals are not open by default.
  • Publishing in Nepali open access journals is frowned upon. The quality of paper matters more than the ranking of journals.
  • We should push for raising the standard of Nepali journals. More rigorous peer review.
  • Very few researchers of Nepal publish papers and conduct academic research. The potential of students and academics is wasted in Nepal.

dr_karnDr. Roshan Kumar Karn

Director | Open Access Nepal

1) Brief about Open Access Nepal?

Open Access Nepal is a non-profit and non-governmental organization and was established in March 2014. OANepal is the affiliate chapter of U.S. based organization “Right to Research Coalition (R2RC)”. The main objective of Open Access Nepal is to advocate and promote the policies and principles of Open Access, Open Education, Open Data and Open Repository in Nepal. It aims to nurture potential researchers with unrestricted access to scholarly articles. The activities of OANepal are supported by EIFL, INASP, R2RC and OCSD NET.

2) Brief about Open Access Button and Open Access Journals?

Open Access Button: OA Button is a browser bookmarklet which registers when people hit a paywall to a scholarly article and supports these researchers in 3 ways:

  • Finding available research: OA Button searches thousands of sources with millions of articles to find legal access to research articles for the researchers.
  • Requesting Research: OA Button was designed as a transparent and effective request system to help make more research accessible. If you are unable to get access, you can quickly create a request with the OA Button.
  • Making Research available: Request for articles are sent to the author and other Button users can support your request. Together we strive for more accessibility to research.

The motto of OA Button is: Push Button. Get Research. Make Progress.

Open Access Journals: Open Access journals are the scholarly journals and publications that are available to the readers online without any financial, legal or technical barriers. OA journals are freely accessible to the readers. It essentially removes the price (licensing fees, subscription) and permission (copyright issues) barriers to a scholarly publication. Some OA journals are subsidized and are financed by an academic institution, foundation, or government itself while others are operated by the article processing charges (APC’s) obtained from submitting authors which are usually provided by their respective institutes.

3) What are the main factors that have led to the steady growth of OA publishing in Nepal?

Nikesh, I think rather than taking about the steady growth of OA publishing which is not true anymore. If you see the recent entries in DOAJ, there has been a dramatic increase in open publications in the last couple of years. Therefore, here I have discussed why OA publishing is important to different groups. But I have also answered your exact question at the end.

Open publishing seeks to return scholarly publishing to its original and core purpose viz to spread knowledge and allow that knowledge to resonate and be built upon. There are several factors in play that has led to the growth of OA publication in the past few years.

For Students:

  • Open Publications provides a complete education to students by providing them access to the latest research.
  • With science advancing at an ever increasing pace it is crucial that professors have access to cutting edge research so students’ education is not outdated before they even finish a course. OA publishing has given the professors access to these cutting-edge researches and advancements.
  • It provides research for your papers.
  • OA gives the opportunity to the students to be innovative and conduct researches beyond their degree.

For Researchers:

  • Better visibility and higher impact for the scholarship.
  • No researcher wants to waste time and money conducting a study that has already been done. Open publication helps researchers to avoid duplication.

For Doctors:

  • Opening access to research will allow doctors access to all relevant information, enabling them to make better decisions – decisions based on the most up-to-date medical knowledge, leading to more effective treatment and better outcomes.

For Patients:

  • Open publishing provides patients and their advocates the access to the corpus of medical research.

For Entrepreneurs and Small Businesses:

  • Access to the latest research speeds innovation.

For the public:

  • Return on public’s investment as most research are funded by the taxpayers’ money.
  • Exercising the right to research: as taxpayers who pay for much of the research published in journals, the public has a collective right to access the information resulting from their investment.

For Publishers:

  • Demonstrated benefits: numerous publishers, both non-profit and for-profit, voluntarily make their articles openly available at the time of publication or within 6-12 months. Many have switched from a closed, subscription model to an open one as a strategic business decision to increase their journal’s exposure and impact, and have done so with great success

The reasons for steady growth in OA publishing could be:

  • Lack of awareness, advocacy, knowledge and benefits of OA publishing amongst the researchers.
  • Issues related to impact factor of the open journals.
  • The reluctance of PI to opt in for the open model of publishing.
  • The poor government policy of making public funded researchers available publicly.
  • Lack of repositories.
  • Lack of funding.
  • Inadequate development of the R&D sector of Nepal.
  • Overindulgence and extremely powerful lobbyists for the traditional model of publishing.
  • Lack of adequate investment from the government in the development of research and laboratory facilities.
  • Researchers are not yet totally convinced that open publication will be advantageous for their careers the same as subscription journals.
  • Fear of loss of credibility among the peers.

4) How do you think this trend will develop over the next decade, and explain why?

The gradual trend of OA publishing has been increasing over the years now and I am confident that we will witness a significant rise in OA publication over the next decade for the reasons mentioned above (People will eventually understand the benefits of Open publishing and how OA will help each group of people like students, researchers, entrepreneurs, doctors, patients and public).

However, the recent statistics also reveal a dramatic growth of Open Access. Globally the collections of open access archives are now collectively an order of magnitude larger than the 10 million articles and this is just from Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE). DOAJ showed an amazing 11% growth in the past in articles searchable at the article level – about half a million more articles today than a year ago. This past quarter DOAJ showed a healthy growth rate of 135 titles or added 1.5 titles per day. The internet archive now has more than 3 million open audio recordings. The Directory of Open Access Books added over 2 thousand titles in the past year for a current total of over 5,000 titles (60% annual growth rate) from 161 publishers (41% annual growth rate in publishers).

The number of journals actively contributing to PubMed Central continues to show strong growth in every measure: there are 212 more journal active participants in PMC today than a year ago, a 10% growth rate; 170 more journals provide immediate free access, an 11% growth rate; 113 more journals provide all articles as open access, a 9% growth rate; and the number of journals with some articles open access increased by 123, a 31% growth rate.

These statistics reveal that researchers and the general public are gradually being aware of the impossible subscription fees and the nobility Open Access brings into the lives of individual, family, society and a nation. People gradually understand that the fundamental aspect of education is sharing and locking knowledge and education will only harm. Researchers now realize that their work will be more recognized only if they prefer OA journals, they now realize that catastrophes like Ebola and Zika could be prevented with open access to research. The steep growth in the statistics is just the beginning and I am sure that we will see some serious hikes in a decade from now.

5) What will happen if a researcher does not make his work immediately Open Access accessible?

  • Decreased visibility, usage and impact of their work.
  • Open access increases the impact of research in which public money is invested and therefore publishing in a closed model is a bad return on taxpayers’ investment.
  • Society as a whole will be barred from the benefits of their research as open research is more efficient and more effective, delivering better and faster outcomes.
  • Obstruction in the nation’s’ technological advancement and economic growth.
  • Students and researchers from a developing country like Nepal will never be able to read and use world class literature because of the high subscription fees if researchers don’t make it openly available.

6) Where will the funding for OA publishing come from?

Obtaining research grants from funding agencies is crucial for researchers to continue their work, supervise students and career advancement. Obtaining grants is directly linked to the researcher’s performance, mainly publications. Besides public funding, institutional and private foundations, opportunities dedicated specifically to fund – and reward – open research, open data and open software have emerged, especially in recent years. They are traditional funders, such as Wellcome Trust, NIH, and SPARC, which are allocating funds to open research, or new initiatives especially created with this view, as the Shuttleworth Foundation (established in 2007) and Mozilla Science Lab (2013), among others.

The notion that research funded with public resources should be made openly available to society has been consolidating in recent years and, consequently, public funding agencies are not only preferring but mandating the results to be published in open access. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) have pioneered in 2008 to implement the open access policy, followed by Harvard University in the same year, the National Academy of Sciences of China (2009), and the National Science Foundation (2011). Next, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the US Defense Department and the space agency NASA, implemented in 2015 open access mandates. That same year, France launched the bill “For a Digital Republic”, and submitted it to public consultation. Funding agencies such as Wellcome Trust, CERN, UNESCO, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and many others have established similar mandates. Many of them still determine that the contents published in OA shall be governed by the Creative Commons attribution license CC-BY, the least restrictive of all. Despite these international agencies, the Nepal government should also play a pro-active role in the open movement, invest more in R&D, nurture young researchers, develop a culture of research among the students and provide funding to new ideas and researchers leading to new innovations.

Blog

Public Access to Publicly Funded Materials

This article is Reblogged for Creative Commons blog, Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

Cycles for Research Articles

The existing system for producing and distributing publicly funded research articles is expensive and doesn’t take advantage of the possibilities of innovations like open licensing. Without a free-flowing system, access to the results of scientific research is limited to institutions that are able to commit to hefty journal subscriptions — paid for year after year — which don’t allow for broad redistribution, or repurposing for activities such as text and data mining without additional permissions from the rightsholder. This closed system limits the impact on the scientific and scholarly community and progress is slowed significantly.

A Closed Research Model

closed funding cycle for research
When funding cycles for research include open license requirements for publications, increased access and opportunities for reuse extends the value of research funding. As an example, the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy requires the published results of all NIH-funded research to be deposited in PubMed Central’s repository, the peer-reviewed manuscript immediately, and the final journal article within twelve months of publication. Similarly, the recent directive issued by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy mandates that federal agencies with more than $100 million in research expenditures must make the results of their research publicly available within one year of publication, and better manage the resultant data supporting their results. These policies utilize aspects of the optimized cycle below, and are a step in the right direction for making better use of public funding for research articles.

An Open Research Model

optimised funding cycle for research
Cycles for Educational Resources

The incumbent system for developing and sharing publicly funded educational resources doesn’t guarantee materials are accessible and reusable by the public that paid for their creation.

A Closed Education Model

closed funding cycle for educational resources
If policies are put in place that mandate open licenses on publicly funded educational resources, knowledge can flow more freely because the public is clear about how they may reuse educational content, and the funders can realize a more impactful return on their investments. An example of better use of public funding for the production of educational resources, the US DOL TAACCCT Program mandates that all content created or modified using grant funds are openly-licensed (CC BY) and deposited in a public repository upon completion of the project. Being conducted in four waves, the TAACCCT program is making better use of a large (US$2 billion) investment of US taxpayer money by ensuring the public will have access the educational resources created during the four-year term, and is able to reuse and adapt them beyond what automatic copyright allows. The following graphic demonstrates an open funding model, with licensing and access recommendations to remove barriers to sharing and help speed access and reuse of publicly funded educational content.

An Open Education Model

optimised funding cycle for educational resources
Summary

Open policy — specifically, the idea that publicly funded materials should be openly licensed materials — is a sensible solution that ensures the public’s right to reuse the materials it paid for, and improves the efficiency of government grant funding. Open licensing is a sensible requirement for publicly funded grant programs.

Open Access

Highlighting the importance of Open Access & Open Research…

Due to the ongoing crisis situation and political instability of the country, we were unable to celebrate Open Access Week 2015 like past years. so, because of this reason we planned to organize Open Access Workshop in collaboration with Open Access Nepal. The aim of an workshop was to discuss the importance of open access for student research, opportunities, capacity development and research trends.

 

For more Information about Workshop Schedule and Objective please visit event page: http://np.okfn.org/2015/11/30/open-access-workshop/

 

Event Day:

 

As expected, students of Bsc CSIT and engineering joined the workshop. Mr. Kshitiz Khanal, Open Science/Access working group team lead and Mr. Nikesh Balami, Open Government Data/Development working group team lead started the workshop by welcoming all participants & by congratulating Dr. Roshan Kumar Karn, Director of Open Access Nepal for wining Right to Research Coalition (R2RC) emerging leader award.

 

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After the introductory session, Dr. Roshan Kumar Karn started his presentation on the topic “Open Access & Open Access Movements in Nepal”, were he talked about the importance of Open Access Publishing, its importance & also gave some introduction about his community “Open Access Nepal”.

 

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Mr. Prakash Neupane was welcomed at stage after the presentation of Dr. Roshan. Mr. Neupane is ambassador of Open Knowledge Nepal and was giving presentation on the topic “Ongoing practices of research by student in Nepal”. To make workshop more interactive, Mr. Neupane wasn’t using any presentation slides & started his presentation by asking question with participant, “Why student so research?” He shared his experiences of doing research & also shared some ongoing practices with participants to provide them much needed motivation.

 

Mr. Chandan Goopta, Co-Founder of theOpinio entered the stage after Mr. Neupane presentation. Mr. Goopta is one of the young researcher & was giving presentation on the topic “Gaps in student research”. During his presentation he highlights the different stages of research where most students do mistakes and also told participants to learn more about the difference of Interest, Strengths and Goals to be successful researchers. He shares his experiences of doing research in Nepal & underlines some gaps which students need to care while doing research.

 

IMG_20151204_120805

 

Last but not the least, Mr. Kshitiz Khanal was welcomed at stage for his presentation on the topic, “Tools and resources for students research” were he first highlights some facts on why people do research and shared bunch of resources with participants which they can use while doing research. He also discuss some about the ongoing research trends in Nepal.

 

CYMERA_20151204_130132

 

After the completion of presentation session, Mr. Nikesh Balami thanked all participant for joining the workshop & everyone moved for refreshment break towards the canteen.

Open Access

Open Access Workshop

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Basic Information:

Theme: Open Access Research for Students

Date: 4th December 2015

Venue: Deerwalk Institute of Technology, Tamreshwore Mahadevsthan, Jayabageshwori, Kathmandu.

Time: 10:00 AM – 02:00 PM

For Registration: Please contact “Roshan Gautam” <roosan.gm@gmail.com>

 

Workshop Introduction

 

The workshop, first of its kind will be collaboratively organized by Open Knowledge Nepal (OKN) and Open Access Nepal (OAN). On the importance of open access for student research, opportunities, capacity development and research trends. The workshop will take place in Kathmandu, Nepal on 4th December 2015 at Deerwalk Institute of Technology.

 

The workshop objective is to highlight the condition of Open Access and Open Research in Nepal, to showcase the research opportunities and the moving direction of research trends, and to increase the capacity of student researchers for the further improvements.

 

Representatives from different universities, libraries, civil society and the students of different universities/colleges are expected to attend the workshop.

 

Workshop Objective

 

To provide students with the much needed background knowledge and motivation to start practicing research.

 

Why students?

 

Today’s students are not the same as yesterday’s students. They have more competition, yes, but they also have more access and more power. They have more privilege than students have ever had in human history and this privilege comes with few responsibilities and endless possibilities.

 

Why now?

 

Innovations in technology come with the gift of speed. Speed enhances productivity and communication. Harnessing the power of open access to resources, shifting paradigms in communication, and access to technology, students of today can be involved in research practices early.

 

Why research?

 

Thanks to technology, we have more information and resources in our fingertips than ever before. Decisions made today should be backed by data and proper scientific methodology, if not wholly dependent upon them. Evidence based decision making is what research practice will teach students.

 

Who are we?

 

Open Knowledge Nepal is a working group of international Open Knowledge (Foundation) Network in Nepal. Open Knowledge Nepal has been working as a civil society organization involved in training, advocacy, networking, research, and including organizing events about everything open including open data, open access, open government, open source and open science since 2013.

 

Open Access Nepal are Nepal’s representatives in the Right to Research Coalition (R2RC), a US based organization dedicated towards advocating and educating the policies and principles of open access worldwide. The objective of Open Access Nepal is to disseminate information to student and researchers about open access and promote its policies and principles in Nepal.

 

Open Access?

 

Open Access (OA) means unrestricted online access to peer-reviewed scholarly research. Open access is primarily intended for scholarly journal articles. but is also provided for a growing number of theses, book chapters, and scholarly monographs.

 

The initial concept of open access refers to an unrestricted online access to scholarly research primarily intended for scholarly journal articles. The term “Open Access” itself was first formulated in three public statements in the 2000s: The Budapest Open Access Initiative in February 2002, the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing in June 2003, and the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities in October 2003.

 

Open Research?

 

Open Research is concerned with making scientific research more transparent, more collaborative and more efficient. A central aspect to it is to provide open access to scientific information, especially to the research published in scholarly journals and to the underlying data, much of which traditional science tends to hide away. Other aspects are more open forms of collaboration and engagement with a wider audience, including citizen scientists and the public at large.

 

Open research is research conducted in the spirit of free and open source software. Much like open source schemes that are built around a source code that is made public, the central theme of open research is to make clear accounts of the methodology freely available via the internet, along with any data or results extracted or derived from them. This permits a massively distributed collaboration, and one in which anyone may participate at any level of the project.

 

Event Schedule:

Time Presentation Topic Presenter
10:00 AM – 10:45 AM Registration and Inauguration
10:45 AM – 11:30 AM Open Access and Open Access Movements in Nepal Dr. Roshan Kumar KarnDirector | Open Access Nepal
11:30 AM – 12:15 PM Ongoing practices of research by students in Nepal Mr. Prakash NeupaneAmbassador | Open Knowledge Nepal
12:15 PM – 01:00 PM Gaps in student research Mr. Chandan GooptaCo-Founder | theOpinio
01:00 PM – 01:30 PM Tools and resources for students Mr. Kshitiz KhanalTeam Lead | Open Knowledge Nepal
01:30 PM – 02:00 PM Refreshment & Networking Break