Tag: open data

Open Data Nepal

Beta version of Open Data Nepal – a portal…

As the demand side of the data is increasing constantly but lack of a central data catalog makes the task of searching and using data more difficult. Also, the structured and usable data are hard to find online. So, Open Knowledge Nepal launches the beta version of the Open Data Nepal on the occasion of the International Open Data Day 2018.

3rd March 2018, Kathmandu, Nepal

Public agencies and local government generate and publish an abundance of data publicly. But the main hindrance is that these data are not readily available and are in non-machine-readable formats like PDFs, images etc, scattered into the websites of different public agencies.

The Open Data Nepal aims to make Nepal’s data accessible online perpetually in a central hub. The data available in the portal is harvested and crowdsourced from different public agencies and international organizations who work under the government of Nepal. One of the main features includes converting these data into a machine-readable format like CSV, JSON, TSV etc along with metadata and meta description. The portal can be used by researchers, journalists, private agencies, students, developers and Nepali citizens to meet their data needs. The harvested data will be shared online which can be used, reused and redistributed by anyone from any corner of the world to build innovative products, without any technical restriction. It invites users to download, upload and browse required data using different filtering mechanisms like search by categories, meta tags, formats etc. The user can also generate visualizations of every dataset for a better understanding of data by providing suitable parameters.

Data nowadays is a very important factor in major decisions making process and the openness of data is one of the key characteristics to make government transparent, accountable and responsible. These days government are seeking opportunities to engage with private sectors, civil societies and citizens for effective planning, decision making to achieve sustainable development through the use of data. The Open Data Nepal will be a great chance for collaboration as it complies with all the significant situation. The portal is the initiative of Open Knowledge Nepal – a nonprofit organization comprised of openness aficionadas, mainly self-motivated youths, who believes that openness of data is powerful in order to have a participatory government with civil society, eventually leading to sustainable development.

Open Data Nepal will help everyone who is looking and searching data to build the innovative solution, research, journalism and various other reasons. For example, journalists who want to investigate the pattern of government spending on the field of education over the years or the entrepreneur who wants to make traffic system of Kathmandu valley easier by using a mobile app. It also makes government sectors transparent, accountable and responsible more than ever. By bringing all kinds of government data to a centralized hub, we can easily fulfill the increasing public demand of data.

To know more about the Open Data Nepal, please contact Open Knowledge Nepal at data@oknp.org or visit the website opendatanp.org for more information.

Open Data

New survey reveals the importance of developing Nepal’s open…

On 30 November 2017, Open Knowledge Nepal completed a month long Open Data Awareness Program, including an Open Data Hackathon, which brought students and youths from different backgrounds under the same roof to work collaboratively on different aspects of open data. The awareness program sensitized more the 335+ youths and students from different colleges and youth organizations. It covered elleven colleges, one school and two youth organizations from seven different districts of Nepal. Most of the participants who joined the workshop were from diverse backgrounds like computer science, engineering,  management, arts, journalism, social work, and more. The participants were raised as digitals natives and could understand technology better than many current leaders, and are undoubtedly the future leaders and members of Nepal’s government, industry and civil society. The awareness program was based on the Open Data Curriculum and Open Data Manual, which was developed as a reference and best practice guide for anybody who wants to work and contribute to the open data sector.

During the workshop, Open Knowledge Nepal conducted a Pre and Post Data Literacy Survey to gather participants’ views regarding open data. The survey output clearly highlighted  the need for more local level awareness programs to promote open data at the grassroots level in Nepal. 76.1% of participants who attended the workshop and filled our the survey said that they haven’t heard of the term ‘open data’, although most of the students had studied data analysis, statistics, and database management systems in their college courses.

Do you know about Open Data?

Image: Participants understanding of open data according to our pre-survey.

According to the Open Data Handbook, open data should have three major components:

  1. Availability and Access: the data must be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably by downloading over the internet. The data must also be available in a convenient and modifiable form.
  2. Re-use and Redistribution: the data must be provided under terms that permit re-use and redistribution including the intermixing with other datasets.
  3. Universal Participation: everyone must be able to use, re-use and redistribute – there should be no discrimination against any fields of endeavour or against persons or groups. For example, ‘non-commercial’ restrictions that would prevent ‘commercial’ use, or restrictions of use for certain purposes (for example, only in education), are not allowed.

Not just falling short in understanding, many respondents also lack the technical skills  which are required to work with data effencily. These include data extraction, analysis, and visualization. While most respondents know how to download data and information from the Internet, many were unaware about the process of reusing it.

Please rate how well you can perform the following acts?

(1 = not aware, 5 = fully aware)

Image: Participants’ expertise on Data Downloading, Extraction, Analysis and Visualization.

This is a significant barrier, because sharing data isn’t everything. We need to focus on the other aspects of data like reuse, so that people can build innovative products and collaborate on projects that leverage available data to solve pressing issues faced by Nepali citizens.

The findings of our survey also indicated that most of the participants know how to use Microsoft Excel and Google spreadsheets for basic data editing and analysis. But only few know about advanced scraping and analysis tools like Tabula and OpenRefine, which highlights that there is a lack of practical knowledge of data among youths and students.

Call to action

There is a huge opportunity in Nepal for open data advocacy to raise awareness and develop solutions for particular problems. The increasing number of civil society and government organizations working and supporting open data have already created a good momentum. Despite at times leisurely service delivery, the adoption of technology by government bodies might help generate digital reports and data and increase the availability of shareable information to public.

But, as our survey has shown, the weak demand side for technical skills has been a major drawback for Nepal’s open data ecosystem. To improve, both the supply and demand side need to expand concurrently, which is difficult with Nepal already lacking the human manpower and technical resources.

The Government of Nepal is slowly becoming decentralized following the new constitution, so it’s a prime time for Nepal’s civil society working in open data to decentralize themselves and reach out to the local people. For this, institutions, civil society and government need to shake hands and collaborate. If they can do so, it will be possible to increase the public’s consciousness about open data at the periphery level, which will hopefully lead to a greater number of local level awareness programs and projects beyond the developed cities. Civil society and institutions need to work together to generate more resources and help the public understand the value of open data in the context of Nepal.

Explore the full report, open data curriculum and open data manual from here.

Open Data

The ‘Tomorrow of Open Data’ in federal Nepal

Hundred years ago Nepal first started collecting data of population census – the time when data and information used to be hardly shared with the public by authorities. However, the movement of open data after one century became significant in terms of opening up government to some extent that makes data and information open in Nepal. In recent years, base on the philosophy ‘certain data should make freely available to citizens’ emerged in parallel lobbying of Right-to-Information (RTI) – one of the key reasons to realize open and transparent governance for public administrators.

According to its theme ‘, we open governments’, WikiLeaks, an international organization that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media suggests that open data is a necessary element of “transparent and accountable government.” As an impact, the uses of ‘Open Data’ in western countries have helped improve the efficiency of public administrations and services as well as the economic growth in the private sector over the past decades. Similarly, there are examples of data-driven watchdog journalism (based on open data) helping reduce corruption in some Latin and African nations in spite of having repressive governments there. To achieve the same, however, Nepal needs to go a long way; where open government bodies from national to periphery levels can share a spectrum of public records to its people as ‘free-to-use information’.

In this connection, Open Knowledge Nepal, an organization led by young people, focusing on ‘knowledge should be liberated for opportunity and prosperity, has recently completed a month-long ‘Open Data Awareness ‘ accompanied by Open Data Hackathon – a collaborative engagement of youths in computer programming.

Organized in seven different districts of Nepal, nearly 400 youths including students were sensitized – those came from a dozen of colleges, school and youth organizations. In a hope to see Nepal’s ‘digital tech-friendly’ future leaders who can better understand the essence of data, participants from a range of backgrounds like computer science, engineering,  management, arts, journalism, social workers were taught digital tools. The awareness program was based on the Open Data Curriculum and Open Data Manual which was developed as a reference and recommended a guide for the people who wants to work and contribute to open data sector.

Though being familiar working with statistics, however, ‘Open Data’ is still a new and unheard term for most of the attendees. It has urged the need of more local level awareness programs to promote open data in grassroots level of Nepal.

Making the data open means it should be accessible in a convenient and modifiable form, reusable and redistributable by anyone without any discrimination or restriction under certain standards.

Do you know about Open Data?

Fig: Participants understanding on open data according to pre-survey

The survey conducted among the participants suggested that sharing of the data isn’t everything. Focusing on other aspects is obligatory that enables people to build innovative products in order to solve the current issues or crisis faced by Nepalese citizens.

Please rate how well you can perform the following acts?

(1 = not aware, 5 = fully aware)

Fig: Participants’ expertise on Data Downloading, Extraction, Analysis and Visualization

Another pure downside, they lack the technical set of skills needed to work with data efficiently like data extraction, analysis, and visualization though they are quite acquainted with downloading data and information from the web.

Call to action

Without any delay, Nepal needs to take open data advocacy in local level at times when notable activities and interest already exhibited by civil society and public agencies, are creating a conducive atmosphere to go further. Despite the leisurely delivery to its citizens, government bodies deciding to use computer technology might help generate digital reports and data – technically shareable information to the public.

Having poor technical skills among citizens to access and use data is making the demand side feeble, one of the major challenges for open data actors and advocates. For this, infrastructures with sufficient technical human resources should be built concurrently that can play the role to manage supply and demand side of data.

Also, if to comply with a federal model of the political system; civil society, open data activists and local government should work together – to spark the consciousness of open data in periphery level.


Strategic potholes: Unsuccessful 2017 and mental pressure ahead

December is here and now it’s time to look back the whole 2017 journey to pre-plan for 2018. On December 31, I listed down “My 12 goals for 2017” and today while looking it back, I found that out of 12 goals, I was able to achieve 5 – which is a clear disappointment and for a moment I feel so depressed, It also made me realize that the strategy which I follow was weak with lots of potholes.

Succeeding as an organization like reaching 7 districts for the outreach and events, organizing 2 international events, writing articles for different media and launching 4 different kinds of open data projects, but I failed to achieve personal goals like learning how to drive a motorbike, passing colleges exams, earning money and finding a new coffee date.

Question – why am I calling 2017 an unsuccessful year?

Because I was unable to explore more in the field of collaboration, while starting 2017 one of the dedicated aims of mine was to sign MOU with 10 different national and international organization, which was a complete failure. We signed only one official MOU that too with Open Knowledge International, looks like in 2018 we need to focus more on collaboration and sharing.

Launching new projects and organizing events – was that helpful?

Not in the huge level, but it was good. The projects like Open Data Handbook Nepali version, Election Nepal, Local Boundaries had helped us to mark our spot at the open data community. Events like Open Data Awareness Program, Open Data Day, Asian Regional Meeting and many other is helping us to gather volunteers who know how to gather and interpret data. But I believe we still can do more….

So, what next – advocacy or service, dropout or continue, stay Nepal or leave Nepal?

After lots of discussion with my mentors, obviously not going to drop-out from BE which means will stay in Nepal for more than 3 years and from onwards, no matters what – service will be the first priority.

Why services, what kind of services?

………………………. * I decided not to share it *

Together we will build a “Home for Open Knowledge – A world where knowledge creates power for the many, not the few.” Join us and let’s explore.

Open Access

ओपन नलेज नेपालद्वारा खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिकाको पहिलो संस्करण प्रकाशित

ओपन नलेज नेपालद्वारा आयोजित “खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिका” को प्रथम नेपाली संस्करण बिमोचन कार्यक्रम  २०७४ साल साउन २३ गतेका दिन मुड्स लंज त्रीपुरेश्वोरमा भब्य कार्यक्रमका बीच सम्पन्न गरियो।  उक्त कार्यक्रममा ओपेन डाटाको क्षेत्रमा  लाग्नुभएका विभिन्न व्यक्ति तथा संस्थाहरुको उल्लेखनीय सहभागिता थियो। कार्यक्रमा राष्ट्रिय सूचना आयोगका प्रमुख सूचना आयुक्त्त श्री कृष्णहरि बास्कोटा, काठमाडौँ लिभिंग ल्याब्सका कार्यकारी निर्देशक डा. नम राज बुढाथोकी र ओपेन नलेज नेपालका प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृत निकेश बलामीको हातबाट विमोचन गरेर  सुसम्पन्न गरियो | यस पुस्तक सरकार, नागरिक समाज तथा खुल्ला डाटाको क्षेत्रमा काम गर्ने संघसंस्थाहरुले खुल्ला डाटा परियोजनाहरुको लागि परिचयात्मक पुस्तिकाको रुपमा प्रयोग गर्दछन् ।

खासगरी यस पुस्तकको मूल संस्करण अंग्रेजी भाषामा उपलब्ध छ । उक्त अंग्रेजी संस्करण ओपेन नलेज इन्टरनेसनल द्वारा लिखित तथा व्यवस्थित गरिएको छ । ओपेन नलेज इन्टरनेसनल एक गैर नाफामुखी संगठन हो जो समाजमा खुल्ला डाटाको महत्वमा केन्द्रित रहेर नागरिक समाज समूहहरूलाई डाटाको पहुँच र प्रयोग गरेर सामाजिक समस्या समाधान गर्न मद्दत गर्दछ । यो पुस्तिका चाईनिज, फ्रेन्च, जर्मन, स्पानिश, रसियन र अहिले नेपाली गरि १८ वटा भन्दा बढी भाषामा अनुवाद भइसकेको छ । सबै भाषामा अनुवादित पुस्तकहरु www.opendatahandbook.org वेबसाइटमा उपलब्ध छ ।

यस खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिका नेपाली संस्करणमा खुल्ला लाइसेन्स, सूचनाको हक, अङ्ग्रेजि खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिका र खुल्ला डाटामा आधारित विभिन्न नेपाली परियोजनाहरुको बारेमा समावेश गरिएको छ । यसकारण यो पुस्तिका सरकार, नागरिक समाज र पत्रकारहरुको लागि धेरै नै आवस्यक देखिन्छ ।

ओपेन नलेज नेपालका प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृत निकेश बलामीले उक्त पुस्तिका  नीतिनिर्माणकर्ता, नेतृत्वकर्ता  लगायत सम्पूर्ण नागरिकले आफ्नै मात्री भाषामा  खुल्ला डाटाका बारेमा जान्न र बुझ्न सहयोग गर्ने कुरामा बिस्वस्त रहेको जानकारी गराउनुभयो । साथसाथै स्थानीय समाचार पत्रकारिता गर्ने व्यक्तिहरु जो  रिपोर्टको लागि डाटाको खुल्लापनमा निर्भर रहन्छन्  तथा  नागरिक समाज संगठनले गर्ने खुल्ला डाटा जागरुक कार्यक्रमको लागि पनि  उक्त पुस्तिका प्रयोग गर्न सकिने  कुरा अवगत  गराउनुभयो । अन्त्यमा  पुस्तिका अनुवाद गर्न, समिक्षा गर्न र आफ्नो अमुल्य प्रतिक्रिया दिएर  सहयोग गर्नुहुने सम्पूर्ण योगदानकर्तालाइ धन्यवाद दिनुभयो ।

त्यसैगरी राष्ट्रिय सूचना आयोगका प्रमुख सूचना आयुक्त श्री कृष्णहरि बास्कोटा ज्युले सरकारी कार्यालयहरुमा खुल्ला डाटाको महत्व बुझ्ने अधिकारीहरुको आवस्यकता रहेको जानकारी दिनुभयो । मन्तब्यको क्रममा उहाँले युवाहरुलाई  खुल्ला डाटाको  क्षेत्रमा योगदान गर्न प्रोत्साहन गर्नुभयो साथै  नेपाल सरकारद्वारा आफुसँग  भएको विभिन्न किसिमको  डाटाहरु खुल्ला गर्नका लागि भएको कामको  प्रगति बारे जानकारी गराउनुभयो ।  

काठमाडौँ लिभिंग ल्याब्सका कार्यकारी निर्देशक डा. नम राज बुढाथोकी ज्युले आफ्नो मन्तब्यको क्रममा डाटाको आपूर्ति र माग पक्ष बीच सन्तुलन हुनुपर्ने र यो समय सिर्जनाबाट प्रयोगको  चरणमा फड्को मार्नको लागि उपयुक्त समय भएको कुरामा प्रकाश पर्नुभयो । उहाले OpenStreetMap तथा घरेलू सर्वेक्षणको माध्यमबाट खुल्ला डाटा सिर्जना गरेको आफ्नो अनुभवहरु सहभागीहरु बीच राख्नुभयो । र अन्त्यमा खुल्ला डाटाको प्रयोग अहिलेको आवस्यकता भन्ने कुरा स्वीकार गर्दै आफ्नो मन्तब्य टुंगाउनुभयो ।

यस पुस्तकले बिशेष गरि खुल्ला डाटाको बिभिन विषय : नागरिक सशक्तिकरण, अवसरहरू सिर्जना र सामाजिक समस्या समाधान गर्ने जस्ता विषयमा सकारात्मक प्रभाव रहने कल्पना ओपेन नलेज नेपालले गर्दै आएको छ । उक्त बिषयमा केवल डाटाको पर्याप्त आपूर्तिले मात्र प्रभाव पार्न सकिदैन । जसकारण प्रकाशित भएको डाटाको प्रयोग बाट नवीनता, सहभागिता र पुन: उपयोगिता बनाउन आवश्यक पर्दछ, जसले डाटाको माग पक्षमा पनि बलियो र भरपर्दो भएको सुनिचित गर्दछ ।  

यो पुस्तिकाले सरकारी कर्मचारी र नेपाली जनतालाई आफ्नै मात्री भाषामा खुल्ला डाटाको बारेमा सजीलै बुझ्न मद्धत गर्दछ । यसो गर्नाले डाटाको आपूर्ति र माग पक्ष बीच एक संतुलित वातावरण सिर्जना गर्न मद्दत मिल्नेछ, जसले गर्दा  लामो समयसम्म पारदर्शिता, नागरिको  उत्तरदायित्व र संग्लग्नता लाई बढावा दिन साथै  व्यवस्थित गर्न मद्दत मिल्दछ।

Event Participant

यो खुल्ला डाटा पुस्तिका नेपाली सस्करणलाई ओपेन नलेज इन्टरनेसनल, काठमाडौँ लिविंग ल्याब्स, रूस्टर लजिक, पाथवे टेक्नोलोजी एन्ड सर्भिसेस, लोकल इन्टरभेनसन्स समूह र सिटिजेन क्याम्पेन फर राइट टु इन्फोरमेसन नेपालले समर्थन गरेको छ ।

Open Access

Open Access and Open Data gaining momentum in Nepal

For the 5th time in a row, Open Knowledge Nepal team led the effort of organizing International Open Data Day in Nepal. This year it was a collaborative effort of Kathmandu Living Labs and Open Knowledge Nepal. It was also the first official out of Kathmandu Valley event of Open Knowledge Nepal. Organizations like Code for Nepal, Gandaki College of Engineering and Science and Open Access Nepal were the partners for the event. In Nepal, the event aims to served as a platform for bringing together open knowledge enthusiasts from different backgrounds, and support a series of collaborative events for enhancing knowledge and awareness about free and open source software, open data, open content, and various open knowledge technologies. There were 4 different major activities of the event: Presentation Session, Open Street Mapathon, Open Research Data Hackathon and Treasure Hunt.

The check in started around 10:30 AM (NPT), with the participants, slowly joining the venue and with some informal discussion having around and was formally started by Mr. Ashok Raj Parajuli, Vice-Principal of Gandaki College of Engineering and Science at 11:20 AM (NPT) by giving brief introduction of Open Data and why it is important for the country like Nepal. After him, Nikesh Balami from Open Knowledge Nepal gave an event orientation. He shared how Open Data Day was started and history of Open Data Day celebration at Nepal. After having a brief orientation about major activities, the presentation session was started.

Mr. Ashok Raj Parajuli starting the event

Gaurav Thapa from Kathmandu Living Labs was the first presenter of the event. He gave the presentation about Open Map Data and the concept of 2C (Secondary City) Pokhara. He also demonstrated the work done by Kathmandu Living Labs in Pokhara with the help of other organizations and asked participants to join them for contribution and collaboration. He also shares about the app “Prepare Pokhara”, an app which uses the data of OpenStreetMap with different kinds of filtering techniques, by using that app user can easily filter and navigate all kinds of important places and destination of Pokhara in Map.

Gaurav Thapa from Kathmandu Living Labs presenting about Open Map Data

After the presentation of Gaurav Thapa, Kshitiz Khanal representing Open Knowledge Nepal participated in presentation session, where he presented about Open Access, Open Science, and Open Research. He started from the basic introduction of OPEN and highlighted the condition of Open Access in Nepal. He also demonstrated, how Nepal government and others different bodies of Nepal government are creating Open Access barriers for users. He shared about Open Science Taxonomy and talks a little about the Open Science and Research practices in Nepal. He motivated the participants to read research article frequently so that we can make the best use of publicly funded research. His presentation can be accessed from here.

Kshitiz Khanal from Open Knowledge Nepal presenting about OA, OS and OR

There was a small break after the completion of Presentation Session and the rooms for Open Research Data Hackathon and Mapathon was divided after that break. Participants interested in joining Hackathon moved towards the Lab and those who were interested in Research Data Hackathon stayed in the same room.

Open Research Data Hackathon

Open Research Data Hackathon

Open Research Data Hackathon was facilitated by the team of Open Knowledge Nepal. Nikesh Balami from OKN started the hackathon by giving a short presentation about Data and demonstrating different kinds of tools they can use during Hackathon. After an orientation, the group was divided. There were 4 groups, who worked and brainstorm different kinds of ideas for the entire day. A group pitched a project twice, in the first pitch, they share the brainstormed idea and in the second pitch, they share about how they are doing that project, possible partners, challenges, and opportunity. The proposed idea of all 4 team was entirely different from each other, some work in Election Data and some work in using Machine learning to extract research data from users search queries. Some team worked in the use of data disaster prediction and some in Blood data.

It will be interesting to see the progress of their projects in coming days.



Mapathon was facilitated by the team of Kathmandu Living Labs. In Mapathon participants used satellite image to map Bardiya district of Nepal at OpenStreetMap, where participants got an opportunity to play with Open Map Data and OpenStreetMap. The team of KLL also led Treasure Hunt in-between to make Mapathon interesting and interactive, where participants went to the fields in the search of treasures which was hidden at different places by the KLL team. Participants used OpenStreetMap for this and enjoyed the activities so much. In fact, Mapathon was interactive where participant got hands-on training on how to contribute at OSM, did some contribution and also tried using it in their real life.

The whole event was closed at 04:30 PM by thanking participants and supporters. The promise of organizing this kind of International events outside of the main valley of Nepal was made by the representation of Open Knowledge Nepal and Kathmandu Living Labs. This year International Open Data Day 2017 was organized at four different places of Nepal. Two inside Kathmandu, one by YoungInnovation Pvt. Ltd. and one by Accountability Lab. In Pokhara, it was organized by Open Knowledge Nepal and Kathmandu Living Labs. Kathmandu University Open Source Community (KUOSC) also organized ODD first time in Kavre. This clearly shows that the momentum of Open Data is increasing in Nepal, which we (Civil Society Organization) can take it as a plus point.

Group photo and selfie 🙂


Event Page: https://oddnepal.github.io

More photos from our Facebook page here.


Technology meets government: Digital Governance Hackathon being organized on…

Today was an exciting day because I got a chance to discuss the vision for a Digital Governance Hackathon being organized in Kathmandu on Feb 11-12.

As a member of Open Knowledge Nepal and representative of Code for Nepal, it was pretty interesting to meet the people behind the event and discuss ways to make the event successful.

As it turns out, the event is going to be one of the biggest hackathons in recent times in Nepal. But the real difference I found was that the event has a clear vision to sustain ongoing projects rather than start new ones. I’ve seen and started a lot of projects around open data and open governance in the last few years, and I know from experience that it is almost always easier and productive to support than start.

I had a good discussion over coffee with Punit Jajodia, founder of programiz.com. He is supporting the event by finding the best developers in Nepal to work on projects which span different verticals like Civic Engagement, Digital Accessibility, Journalism, Education and Financial Technology.

American Embassy, Hello Sarkar Nepal, National Federation of Disabled-Nepal(NFD-N), Federation of Nepali Journalists(FNJ), MaxConnect, chakrapath.com, Code For Nepal and Programiz are supporting the event and it will be interesting to see if the hackathon is able to make an impact on the digital governance scenario in Nepal.


Amateur Nikesh, Amateur Journey: Looking Back 2016

Reflection is something that makes you emotional, at some point, you enjoy the taste of success and at some point, you almost cry remembering the journey you travel. Memories of old new friends make you feel sad and the enthusiasm of making your future bright push you harder to move forward. The year 2016 was one of the confused years for me, where I struggle to make a big decision, in the beginning, lost my Grandfather, planned something and did something else!! Here are some Ups and Downs of my journey of the year 2016, Where enthusiasm of junior was stronger than the pressure of senior, where people criticize me for my childish behaviors and at the same time some people support my never giving up attitude.

1) Joining Acme once again

A confused year and a totally confused decision made in 2015 and realized in 2016. Gaps, Bachelor Degree, Future, Friends and much more. Was Engineering my right decision, I doubt so but I am still confused. Let’s see how long I can go!!

2) Launching Nepal Open Data Index

The work of 2015 but was launched in January 2016, the result of crowdsourced open data survey done in 10 different districts of Nepal, which helps us to understand the condition of open data and technology in the local cities of Nepal.

3) Organizing International Open Data Day 2016

Officially the first event of the year, Yes once again we organize International Open Data Day in Kathmandu. This year we organize Datathon, where we collect the information of different Public Bodies of Nepal. Thanks go to awesome teams, supporters and well-wishers, with limited resources and time, we did something great that day.

4) Loosing Grandfather started drinking alcohol

One of the moments of 2016, which I never wanted to remember, yes never. Maybe that’s the reason why I started drinking alcohol, to forget that pain and memories. The pain of losing grandfather, the pain of being alone.

5) FOSS Nepal PoC and celebrating Software Freedom Day 2016

Working to shape the FOSS Nepal Community structure was another thing where I worked hard by bringing the concept of FOSS Nepal Person of Contact (PoC) but was unsuccessful at the end. Yes or Maybe, I don’t know but the Software Freedom Day 2016 celebration was a huge success. The preparation was good and execution was perfect, Kudos to the team, those new faces, and their enthusiasm. Ohh Gosh, I love them and miss them, they were awesome.

6) Working on Open Data Handbook Nepali Version

One of the 75% completed core project of Open Knowledge Nepal, where we work hard for translation, which isn’t really that much good but we did it. I personally work lots in writing so that we can do fundraising for that project, let’s see, we plan to launch that project in 2017 since the review of the handbook is still left.

7) Virtually marking Open Access Week 2016

For the third time in a row, I decided to mark the Nepal presence in Open Access Week. Since Open Access Week falls in festival season, it’s always challenging to celebrate it through physical events, my previous experience of organizing it says. But this year the plan was something different, We did QA with some know and active Open Access Activist of Nepal so we can gather the info about is the current situation and share it with others.

8) Joining Code for Nepal as AskNepal Initiative lead

I was always the secret well-wishers of Code for Nepal, the things which they are doing or trying to do is really awesome. In October 2016, I decided to join them as an AskNepal Lead. A project which I think is very impactful in the context of Nepal.

9) Receiving Shuttleworth Flash Grant

The highlight of the 2016 end, being nominated by the Founder of Open Knowledge Internation for Shuttleworth Flash Grant to recognize my contribution in the field of Open Knowledge and Data in Nepal. I was one of the grantees of Flash Grant.

10) Structuring Open Knowledge Nepal

Last planning of 2016 and first work in To-Do list of 2017, giving right structure to the work and projects of Open Knowledge Nepal. Lots of works are already done, planning is in the right stage, let’s see how well we can execute it in the year 2017.

2017 I am ready for you, Come on!!


Mapping my HomeTown

Unplanned outputs are awesome and I love it especially when someone close to my heart admires it. Yes, someone close to me and my heart. One of the role models of my life, My father was pretty much happy with me yesterday and was admiring my work, when I completed one of the simple tasks given by him. A task of creating a digital map of our HomeTown.

Sounds easy especially for me who know how to play with technology and also pretty much well familiar with OpenStreet Map, but the journey wasn’t really that much easy for me. Cutting all those journeys parts and coming directly in output. Here is how I made progress and created a digital map of my Hometown.

First Step: Using my old sketch for some basic start.

A map which I created while taking part in OpenStreet Map workshop last month organized by Kathmandu Living Labs.

Second Step: Using the paper map created by our Community Club president for details.

A map which I collected from the president of our Community Club "Ekta Yuwa Club".
A map which I collected from the president of our Community Club “Ekta Yuwa Club”.

Third Step: Using OpenStreep Map for creating a digital map of my HomeTown.

A digital map which I created using OpenStreet Map.
A digital map which I created using OpenStreet Map.

We also printed that map and hang it on the wall of our Community Club so, that every new people coming to our town can know about the beautiful road network and respective names of those pathways.

Printed OpenStreet Map
Printed OpenStreet Map

Public Access to Publicly Funded Materials

This article is Reblogged for Creative Commons blog, Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

Cycles for Research Articles

The existing system for producing and distributing publicly funded research articles is expensive and doesn’t take advantage of the possibilities of innovations like open licensing. Without a free-flowing system, access to the results of scientific research is limited to institutions that are able to commit to hefty journal subscriptions — paid for year after year — which don’t allow for broad redistribution, or repurposing for activities such as text and data mining without additional permissions from the rightsholder. This closed system limits the impact on the scientific and scholarly community and progress is slowed significantly.

A Closed Research Model

closed funding cycle for research
When funding cycles for research include open license requirements for publications, increased access and opportunities for reuse extends the value of research funding. As an example, the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy requires the published results of all NIH-funded research to be deposited in PubMed Central’s repository, the peer-reviewed manuscript immediately, and the final journal article within twelve months of publication. Similarly, the recent directive issued by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy mandates that federal agencies with more than $100 million in research expenditures must make the results of their research publicly available within one year of publication, and better manage the resultant data supporting their results. These policies utilize aspects of the optimized cycle below, and are a step in the right direction for making better use of public funding for research articles.

An Open Research Model

optimised funding cycle for research
Cycles for Educational Resources

The incumbent system for developing and sharing publicly funded educational resources doesn’t guarantee materials are accessible and reusable by the public that paid for their creation.

A Closed Education Model

closed funding cycle for educational resources
If policies are put in place that mandate open licenses on publicly funded educational resources, knowledge can flow more freely because the public is clear about how they may reuse educational content, and the funders can realize a more impactful return on their investments. An example of better use of public funding for the production of educational resources, the US DOL TAACCCT Program mandates that all content created or modified using grant funds are openly-licensed (CC BY) and deposited in a public repository upon completion of the project. Being conducted in four waves, the TAACCCT program is making better use of a large (US$2 billion) investment of US taxpayer money by ensuring the public will have access the educational resources created during the four-year term, and is able to reuse and adapt them beyond what automatic copyright allows. The following graphic demonstrates an open funding model, with licensing and access recommendations to remove barriers to sharing and help speed access and reuse of publicly funded educational content.

An Open Education Model

optimised funding cycle for educational resources

Open policy — specifically, the idea that publicly funded materials should be openly licensed materials — is a sensible solution that ensures the public’s right to reuse the materials it paid for, and improves the efficiency of government grant funding. Open licensing is a sensible requirement for publicly funded grant programs.