Tag: Openness


Why remix an OER, What are the barriers?

This blog is reblogged from the post of Open Learning Network, which is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales. I had compiled their two posts Why remix an Open Educational Resource? and What are the barriers to reusing/remixing OERs? in this blog because I found it very useful and helpful for myself.

Why remix an OER:
The list is in no particular order, and by its very nature isn’t an extensive exploration of the reasons to remix an OER.

1) Save yourself time and work by mixing in OERs with your own material to make something richer.
2) Adapt the material to make it more accessible for people with different disabilities.
3) Insert some cultural specific references to make a concept easier to understand.
4) Translate it into another language.
5) Correct any errors or inaccuracies.
6) Keep the OER up to date by adding the latest discoveries or theories.
7) Insert more media or links to other resources.
8) Chop the OER up into smaller chunks that might be easier to learn from, or could be reused elsewhere.
9) Adapt it for a different audience.
10) Use the OER as the basis for a face to face lesson.
11) Change the target educational level.
12) Add input and participation from the people who are going to be using your remixed OER.
13) Use the OER for a wider purpose by adding in other information.
14) Changing the format of the OER to make it work in different computer-based learning environments.
15) To improve understanding of what an OER is by thinking about reasons to remix it.
16) Insert a different point of view to that originally given in the material.
17) Adapt it for different teaching situations.
18) A way to experiment with new skills you have gained (could be technical skills, media skills etc).
19) To improve it.
20) Because you can!

What are the barriers:

1) Internationalization, OERs may be available but in a different language;
2) Cognitive overload: it is difficult to separate the ‘content’ from the ‘context’ in an OER, thus it is difficult to decontextualize an OER and re-contextualize it to a different learning context/purpose;
3) Cognitive overload: in terms of trying to elicit the implicit design of an OER and then needing to create a new design;
4) Cognitive overload due to lack of good examples/ best practice:  “remixing” an OER is a difficult concept to grasp, especially as examples of remixing might be difficult to find or something you wouldn’t tend to stumble across;
5) Digital divide: lack of access to digital network implies no access to digital resources;
6) Digital divide: lack of digital literacy;
7) Lack of teacher’s preparation and training in how to reuse OERs;
8) Distance from mainstream teaching and learning practices and policy;
9) Curriculum alignment: OER may not fit specific curriculum, and vice-versa curriculums may not be designed around an OER reuse/remix culture;
10) Plagiarism: to which extent reusing and remixing an OER can be perceived as a form of plagiarism?;
11) Lack of technical support for teachers; institutionalized support i.e. a dedicated educational technologist team is considered important for promoting re-use within different educational institutions/contexts (relates to digital and socio-economic divides)
12) Copyright issues and different copyright jurisdictions: this is mostly about publishing original OERs, but it also relates to the ways in which an OER is ‘translated’ to different contexts/locations. It also hinders what other items, media objects can be added that are more relevant to a national culture / pedagogical context;
13) Lack of confidence: many teachers/tutors feel reluctant to reuse and publish their reused materials. One possible reason for that is that they feel that they tamper with something that was designed/published for a specific purpose/context; this relates to the conceptual overload mentioned at point 2);
14) Lack of confidence: many teachers/tutors feel reluctant to “mess up” with someone else “good” design;
15) Lack of explicit learning design supporting the representation of resources and dialogue around their use in a particular context; if context/purpose and targetted audience alongside learning outcomes are not very explicit this makes more difficult to repurpose in a different context;
16) Lack of policy embeddedness and accepted institutional practices: OER use and re-use in mainstream educational institutions need’s be legitimized by accepted national policies on education;
17) Issues of quality/legitimacy: some OERs are not considered worthy of using/remixing. Some advocates insist on putting ratings / quality and context indicators. That will enable tracking of use and perhaps stimulate re-use;
18) Lack of time: too much effort to put in reusing makes easier and faster to do it yourself from scratch;
19) Lack of tools to help deconstruct and reconstruct;
20) Lack of motivation – why should I, what’s in it for me?

Open Access

Highlighting the importance of Open Access & Open Research…

Due to the ongoing crisis situation and political instability of the country, we were unable to celebrate Open Access Week 2015 like past years. so, because of this reason we planned to organize Open Access Workshop in collaboration with Open Access Nepal. The aim of an workshop was to discuss the importance of open access for student research, opportunities, capacity development and research trends.


For more Information about Workshop Schedule and Objective please visit event page: http://np.okfn.org/2015/11/30/open-access-workshop/


Event Day:


As expected, students of Bsc CSIT and engineering joined the workshop. Mr. Kshitiz Khanal, Open Science/Access working group team lead and Mr. Nikesh Balami, Open Government Data/Development working group team lead started the workshop by welcoming all participants & by congratulating Dr. Roshan Kumar Karn, Director of Open Access Nepal for wining Right to Research Coalition (R2RC) emerging leader award.




After the introductory session, Dr. Roshan Kumar Karn started his presentation on the topic “Open Access & Open Access Movements in Nepal”, were he talked about the importance of Open Access Publishing, its importance & also gave some introduction about his community “Open Access Nepal”.




Mr. Prakash Neupane was welcomed at stage after the presentation of Dr. Roshan. Mr. Neupane is ambassador of Open Knowledge Nepal and was giving presentation on the topic “Ongoing practices of research by student in Nepal”. To make workshop more interactive, Mr. Neupane wasn’t using any presentation slides & started his presentation by asking question with participant, “Why student so research?” He shared his experiences of doing research & also shared some ongoing practices with participants to provide them much needed motivation.


Mr. Chandan Goopta, Co-Founder of theOpinio entered the stage after Mr. Neupane presentation. Mr. Goopta is one of the young researcher & was giving presentation on the topic “Gaps in student research”. During his presentation he highlights the different stages of research where most students do mistakes and also told participants to learn more about the difference of Interest, Strengths and Goals to be successful researchers. He shares his experiences of doing research in Nepal & underlines some gaps which students need to care while doing research.




Last but not the least, Mr. Kshitiz Khanal was welcomed at stage for his presentation on the topic, “Tools and resources for students research” were he first highlights some facts on why people do research and shared bunch of resources with participants which they can use while doing research. He also discuss some about the ongoing research trends in Nepal.




After the completion of presentation session, Mr. Nikesh Balami thanked all participant for joining the workshop & everyone moved for refreshment break towards the canteen.

Open Access

Open Access Workshop


Basic Information:

Theme: Open Access Research for Students

Date: 4th December 2015

Venue: Deerwalk Institute of Technology, Tamreshwore Mahadevsthan, Jayabageshwori, Kathmandu.

Time: 10:00 AM – 02:00 PM

For Registration: Please contact “Roshan Gautam” <roosan.gm@gmail.com>


Workshop Introduction


The workshop, first of its kind will be collaboratively organized by Open Knowledge Nepal (OKN) and Open Access Nepal (OAN). On the importance of open access for student research, opportunities, capacity development and research trends. The workshop will take place in Kathmandu, Nepal on 4th December 2015 at Deerwalk Institute of Technology.


The workshop objective is to highlight the condition of Open Access and Open Research in Nepal, to showcase the research opportunities and the moving direction of research trends, and to increase the capacity of student researchers for the further improvements.


Representatives from different universities, libraries, civil society and the students of different universities/colleges are expected to attend the workshop.


Workshop Objective


To provide students with the much needed background knowledge and motivation to start practicing research.


Why students?


Today’s students are not the same as yesterday’s students. They have more competition, yes, but they also have more access and more power. They have more privilege than students have ever had in human history and this privilege comes with few responsibilities and endless possibilities.


Why now?


Innovations in technology come with the gift of speed. Speed enhances productivity and communication. Harnessing the power of open access to resources, shifting paradigms in communication, and access to technology, students of today can be involved in research practices early.


Why research?


Thanks to technology, we have more information and resources in our fingertips than ever before. Decisions made today should be backed by data and proper scientific methodology, if not wholly dependent upon them. Evidence based decision making is what research practice will teach students.


Who are we?


Open Knowledge Nepal is a working group of international Open Knowledge (Foundation) Network in Nepal. Open Knowledge Nepal has been working as a civil society organization involved in training, advocacy, networking, research, and including organizing events about everything open including open data, open access, open government, open source and open science since 2013.


Open Access Nepal are Nepal’s representatives in the Right to Research Coalition (R2RC), a US based organization dedicated towards advocating and educating the policies and principles of open access worldwide. The objective of Open Access Nepal is to disseminate information to student and researchers about open access and promote its policies and principles in Nepal.


Open Access?


Open Access (OA) means unrestricted online access to peer-reviewed scholarly research. Open access is primarily intended for scholarly journal articles. but is also provided for a growing number of theses, book chapters, and scholarly monographs.


The initial concept of open access refers to an unrestricted online access to scholarly research primarily intended for scholarly journal articles. The term “Open Access” itself was first formulated in three public statements in the 2000s: The Budapest Open Access Initiative in February 2002, the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing in June 2003, and the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities in October 2003.


Open Research?


Open Research is concerned with making scientific research more transparent, more collaborative and more efficient. A central aspect to it is to provide open access to scientific information, especially to the research published in scholarly journals and to the underlying data, much of which traditional science tends to hide away. Other aspects are more open forms of collaboration and engagement with a wider audience, including citizen scientists and the public at large.


Open research is research conducted in the spirit of free and open source software. Much like open source schemes that are built around a source code that is made public, the central theme of open research is to make clear accounts of the methodology freely available via the internet, along with any data or results extracted or derived from them. This permits a massively distributed collaboration, and one in which anyone may participate at any level of the project.


Event Schedule:

Time Presentation Topic Presenter
10:00 AM – 10:45 AM Registration and Inauguration
10:45 AM – 11:30 AM Open Access and Open Access Movements in Nepal Dr. Roshan Kumar KarnDirector | Open Access Nepal
11:30 AM – 12:15 PM Ongoing practices of research by students in Nepal Mr. Prakash NeupaneAmbassador | Open Knowledge Nepal
12:15 PM – 01:00 PM Gaps in student research Mr. Chandan GooptaCo-Founder | theOpinio
01:00 PM – 01:30 PM Tools and resources for students Mr. Kshitiz KhanalTeam Lead | Open Knowledge Nepal
01:30 PM – 02:00 PM Refreshment & Networking Break
FOSS Nepal Community

Software Freedom Day 2015 celebrated in Nepal

This Blog is Reblogged form Techlekh article, Licened under All rights reserved. I (myself) will be responsible for any problem created by the article.


On 19th September, 2015 the 11th Annual event “Software Freedom Day” was celebrated by the groups of Open Communities, who believes in the vision of “Openness”. The program was started at around 11:00 A.M. and was inaugurated by Mr. Dhurba, President of Nepal Engineering Association (NEA). During his speech he talked  about the importance of IT and mainly focused on entrepreneurship and self-employment. He said that NEA is always ready to help the young fellows with great idea that could help make our country grow and develop faster in one way or the other. Mr. Dhurba said that in order to become an entrepreneur determination, hard work, sincerity and consistency counts a lot.


There was a lot of question from the audience which he tackled very nicely and lastly ended his motivational presentation by saying “money is always on the air, all you need is to find a way to catch it”.


The next presentation was about the Google which was presented by Mr. Saroj Dhakal. Mr. Dhakal is a Google Consultant of Nepal. He talked about the Google Open Source, Google mission and showed various products that Google has launched for the betterment of our country.


The next presentation was from Mr. Basanta Shrestha, program manager at Open Learning Education(OLE). He focused on the activities that are conducted by his organization. It includes:

– Technology Deployment
– Content Development
– Training


The organization has developed two main products E-path and E-pustakalaya. E-path is National Curriculum Based learning and E-pustakalaya is a Digital Library.
For more details you can visit  http://www.olenepal.org/


The next presentation was from Mr. Nirab Pudasaini, a mobile app developer from Kathmandu Living Labs. He started his presentation simply by asking the audience about the Open street Map and went on talking about his experience about it. He said that his team  See update below) around 8000 volunteers from worldwide mapped the details about the earthquakes in map at the time earthquake hit Nepal. He and his team was able to map almost all the places that was hit by the massive earthquake within almost 48 hours. He mentioned about his work and experience and ended the presentation showing all the details about the work they are doing.
For more details you can visit   http://kathmandulivinglabs.org/




After Mr. Pudasaini presentation, next presentation was for Mr. Punit Jajodia, Co-founder of Adhuro.com also presented about the advantage of using open source software and talked more on how the cost is being saved by the help of  Free Open Source Software(FOSS). He talked about the difference between secrecy and security.


Finally, the Presentation Session was ended with the presentation of Mr. Manish Modi , Director at Janaki Technology Pvt. Ltd. He also talked about FOSS. He said that FOSS is not an alternative. Today, FOSS has affected everyone directly or indirectly. Sharing his experience and the journey of his life till now, he ended his presentation.




After presentation session was over, a round table meeting and discussion session for future planning of FOSS in Nepal was held. Side by side, several local software communities showcased about their activities too.


Standing with Open Communities @ CAN SofTech 2014

Computer Association of Nepal (CAN) was going to organize CAN SofTech  2014 from 11th to 14th September 2014 at Exhibition Hall, Bhrikutimandap, Kathmandu. so, we also decided to keep one combine stall of FOSS Nepal Community, Nepali Wikipedia, Mozilla Nepal and Open Knowledge Nepal over there.

Here are some images were taken during the event period.

Day 1st | 11th September 2014

For more images of Day 1st please go to the Link.

Day 2nd | 12th September 2014

For more images of Day 2nd please go to the Link.

Day 3rd | 13th September 2014

For more images of Day 3rd please go to the Link.

Day 4th | 14th September 2014

For more images of Day 4th please go to the Link.